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Adult Obesity

This document Includes five annotations references. The prevalence of obesity In the united States has called for urgent policy measures to reverse the process and promote healthy living among the citizens. Obesity Is associated with numerous health complications some of which are fatal. The Increased risk of cancers, diabetes, stroke and heart diseases among other serious conditions that may have negative effects on the lives of an individual. Moreover, the economic consequences of high prevalence of obesity in the country have been far reaching.

The article Obesity – an epidemic of the twenty-first century: an update for psychiatrist looks at the challenges faced by healthcare workers in the management and treatment of obesity. In the article, Obesity, battle of the bulge-policy behind change: Whose responsibility is it and who pays, addresses the responsibility for obese and overweight, all variables must be the individual, government, community and the food industry must work together for a healthier nation. In the article, Obesity and respiratory diseases, reviews current research that has linked obesity to an Increased risk of respiratory sissies.

In the article, Promising New Causal Explanations for Obesity and Obesity- Related Diseases, proposes new explanation to the high prevalence of obesity In some individuals in the society. In the article, The Relationship between Obesity, Physical Activity, and Physical Function in Older Adults, looks at the relationship between obesity and physical activity and functions in male and female adults. 3 Albert, P. T. , Miller, S. K. , & Power, C. (2007) Promising New Causal Explanations for Obesity and Obesity-Related Diseases. Biological research for Nursing, 8(3), 223-233.

Albert, Miller, and Power believe an increased preference of obesity and overweight in the American society today which has resulted into far reaching effects on the health systems. The issue of obesity is not a new phenomenon and thus there are a several explanations to the problem. Conventional thinking believes that obesity is mainly caused by a predisposed genetic makeup that is the genotype and phenotypes of an individual. They also believe that the biological factors are exacerbated by other factors such as lifestyles and psychological factors.

Studies suggests that the genetic material that is responsible for obesity evolved from Cavemen, the ancient world who needed to store food because it was scarce and they may go for prolonged periods without It. Consequently, there are many health problems that are associated with obesity In the modern world. 4 Holt, R. L. (2005). Obesity – an epidemic of the twenty- first century: an update for psychiatrists Journal of Psychopathology, 19(6), 6-15. The author Holt states, obesity has evolved to be one of the most important health issues in the modern world due to its association with high rate of premature mortality and morbidity.

In the last two decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased tremendously due to the changes in lifestyles such as changes in the dietary component and reduced physical exercise. The management of the increased prevalence of obesity in the general population has proved to be an important challenge to the health systems in the country. Management of obesity involves changes in the healthcare policies and involvement of the patient affected or likely to be affected by the problem. Preventive and treatment measures involves changes in the individuals lifestyles, administration of drugs and in severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

The role of the patient is very significant in the achievement of the goals. In addition to restoring the normal body structure or weight, treatment and management of obesity significantly reduce the risk of terminal diseases. Although the current trends in the management and treatment of obesity has proved to be a challenge to healthcare workers, it is important to remain optimistic and adopt more relevant approaches to the problem. 5 Mercer, A. (2010). Obesity, battle of the bulge-policy behind change: Whose responsibility is it and who pays. Health Education Journal. The author Mercer state, to blame?

Most people say: we are. We choose what we eat. But a growing number of advocates, nutritionists, and lawyers are taking the struggle from the food court to the court of law. The growth in the prevalence and costs related to obesity has finally reached unacceptable level compelling legislators to address the underlying problems. The cost of obesity is astronomical; billions of dollars are spent on health issues related to obesity. The legislative interventions have been with marketing to protect the consumers because of the evidence of the food market negative impact of nutrient poor calorie dense DOD.

We know that obesity has become a public health problem; it requires the individual, community, government and the food industry to work towards a healthier nation. 6 Murmuring, A. T. , & Sahara, G. (2008). Obesity and respiratory diseases, Chronic Respiratory Disease. 5(4), 233-242. The author Murrain and Sahara, start by noting that obesity is one of the most important health concerns in the world having reached epidemic levels. Studies have confirmed the linkage between obesity and cardiovascular disease, diabetes as well as cancers. Recent studies have also linked obesity with the increased risk of respiratory diseases.

For example, obesity has been found to be a major cause of obstructive sleep apneas and obesity hyperventilation syndrome. Other studies have linked some of the major symptoms of serious respiratory diseases such as asthma to obesity and overweight. On the other hand, a reduction in weight has been seen to have a significant effect in the reduction of the severity of chronic respiratory diseases. The article recommends that reduction of weight is important in reducing the risk or severity of respiratory diseases. 7 Ribbed, Deborah, et al. (2009). The Relationship between Obesity, Physical Activity, and Physical Function in Older Adults.

Journal of Aging Health, 21(8), 1159-1178. Deborah Ribbed from the University of Rhode Island together with her colleagues was a report of their investigation of the linkage between physical activities in adult and obesity. It has long been found that lack of physical activities due to the changing lifestyles is one of the major causes of obesity in among children and adults. Their investigation involved analyzing the linkage between physical activity and overweight in individuals of different ages both men and women. They also analyzed the role of physical function in the growing number of obese adults in the society.