Another deference is that people with Type 1 diabetes have to inject insulin. Since Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmunity disease this means that it is the result of the body Immune system attacking an organ; In the case of Type 1 aviates, the body Immune system is attacking the pancreas as Its target. The process of developing diabetes is gradual. Studies performed by the Gosling Clinic have shown that Type 1 diabetes can be broken down into five stages. 1 . Genetic predisposition 2.
Environmental trigger 3. Active autoimmunity 4. Progressive beta-cell destruction 5. Presentation of the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes Children born with Type 1 diabetes have a genetic predisposition to the disease, but one or more environmental insults are required to trigger disease. People with Type 1 diabetes have antibodies in their blood that indicate an “allergy to self,” or an autoimmune condition. The presence of these antibodies is a sign that the body is attacking Its own beta cells.
Once over 90% of these beta cells are destroyed, the body Is no longer able to regulate blood sugar levels and the patient develops some or all of the classic symptoms of diabetes (MEMBER, 1998-2012): * Excessive thirst * Excessive urination * Excessive hunger * Weight loss * Fatigue * Blurred vision * High blood sugar level Sugar and stones in the urine * Rapid, deep, and labored breathing of people who have acidosis’s or who are in a diabetic coma * Vaginal yeast infections in girls (even infants and toddlers) *
Bed wetting, especially when the child was not wetting previously Diagnosis If a Doctor suspects that a child has Type 1 diabetes, he or she will recommend that the child gets a diagnostic screening. The primary test used In children to determine random time. Blood sugar values are expressed in milliards per decliner. Regardless of when your child last ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 MGM/ODL or higher suggests diabetes. If the child’s random blood sugar results don’t suggest diabetes, but the doctor still suspects something from the child’s symptoms they may have the child take the Glaciated hemoglobin test (Diabetes Care. 09). This blood test indicates an average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It works by measuring the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen carrying red blood cell. Once the child has been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, he or she will regularly visit his or her doctor to ensure good diabetes management. During the visits, the doctor will check the child’s AY C levels. Compared with repeated daily blood sugar tests, AY C testing better indicates how well the child’s diabetes treatment plan is working.
In addition to the IAC test, the doctor will also check the hill’s cholesterol levels, thyroid function, liver function and kidney function using blood and urine samples, as well as periodically test for celiac disease (Diabetes Care. 2009). The doctor will also examine the child to assess his or her blood pressure and growth, and will check the sites where the child tests his or her blood sugar and delivers insulin. Genetic Factors Researchers have found at least 18 genetic locations, labeled DIM – DIMMED, that are related to type 1 diabetes.
The DIM region contains the HAL genes that encode proteins called major historiography’s complex. The genes in this region affect the immune response. New advances in genetic research are identifying other genetic components of type 1 diabetes. Other chromosomes and genes continue to be identified. Most children who develop Type 1 diabetes, however, do not have a family history of the disease. The odds of inheriting the disease are only 10% if a first- degree relative has diabetes, and even in identical twins, one twin has only a 33% chance of having Type 1 diabetes if the other has it.
Children are more likely to inherit the disease from a father with type 1 diabetes than from a mother with the crosier. Genetic factors cannot fully explain the development of diabetes. Over the past 40 years, a major increase in the incidence of type 1 diabetes has been reported in certain European countries, and the incidence has tripled in the U. S (Saunders; 2007). Viruses Some research suggests that viral infections may trigger the disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Among the viruses under scrutiny are enteric viruses, which attack the intestinal tract.
Successiveness are a family of enteric viruses of particular interest. Epidemics of Cossack virus, as well as mumps and congenital Bella, have been associated with incidence of type 1 diabetes (Saunders; 2007). Complications Type 1 diabetes can affect nearly every major organ in a child’s body, including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. The good news is that keeping the child’s blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of these complications.
Long-term complications of type 1 diabetes develop gradually. Eventually, if blood sugar levels aren’t controlled, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening. Heart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes dramatically increases a child’s risk of various cardiovascular problems, including the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure, later life. Nerve damage. Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish the child’s nerves, especially in the legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain.
Nerve damage usually happens gradually, over a long period. Kidney damage. Diabetes can damage the numerous tiny blood vessel clusters that filter waste from a child’s blood. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible ND-stage kidney disease. Eye damage. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina. Diabetes reiteration can cause blindness. Foot damage. Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can lead to serious infections. Skin conditions.
Diabetes may leave a child more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial infections, fungal infections and itching. Osteoporosis. Diabetes may lead to lower than normal bone mineral density, increasing the child’s risk of osteoporosis as an adult. Brain Problems. Although the exact reason for the risk isn’t clear, people with diabetes have an increased risk of dementia and Alchemist’s disease (Diabetes Care. 2009). Treatment Treatment for Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment of blood sugar monitoring, insulin, healthy eating and regular exercise- even for kids.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with daily injections of insulin. Oral diabetes medications are not effective. Many patients with Type 1 diabetes, after beginning insulin injections, experience a period of reduced insulin need called the honeymoon period. During the honeymoon period, he remaining beta cells continue to produce insulin. It is very important to continue insulin therapy during the honeymoon period, because even low doses of insulin appear to help prolong the duration of the honeymoon (Diabetes Care. 2009).
Depending on what kind of insulin therapy the child needs, you may need to check and record the blood sugar at least three times a day. This requires frequent finger sticks. Some blood glucose meters allow for testing in other places other than the finger (Diabetes Care. 2009). Prognosis and Life Expectancy Diabetes is a lifelong disease, and there is not yet a cure. The outcome for people with diabetes varies. Studies show that tight control of blood glucose can prevent or delay problems with the eyes, kidneys, nervous system, and heart in Type 1 diabetes (Saunders; 2007).
However, problems may occur even in people with good diabetes control. Type 1 diabetes life expectancy is indeed very difficult to ascertain due to the incomprehensible nature of the ailment regarding its exact cause and due to the lack of data. Many factors come into play when you try to calculate the average type 1 diabetes life expectancy. Researchers believe that the life expectancy of this aviates type, to a great extent, depends on the age at which the ailment is diagnosed. To be worried about the life expectancy of people suffering from type 1 diabetes is really not necessary.
If adequate measures are taken, like controlling the diet and ensuring that the correct dose of insulin is taken on a timely basis, then all concerns rested, a child having diabetes mellitus Type 1 can live as long and healthy a life as anyone else. This is merely a condition where there is a deficiency of a single has not deterred people from doing and achieving anything they wish for (Backbit Anta, 2000-2011). Conclusion There’s nothing you or your child could have done to prevent Type 1 diabetes; there is currently no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.
Tests can be done in children who have a high risk of developing Type 1 diabetes to see if they have any of the antibodies associated with type 1 . However, the presence of these antibodies doesn’t mean that diabetes is a certainty, and there’s currently no known way to prevent Type 1 diabetes if the antibodies are found. Researchers are working on preventing Type Diabetes in people who have a high risk of developing the disease, such as hose who have the Type 1 antibodies, and others are working on preventing further destruction of the islet cells in people who are newly diagnosed.
Some children with Type 1 diabetes may be eligible for clinical trials, but carefully weigh the risks and benefits of any treatment available in a clinical trial with your doctor. While there’s nothing you could have done to prevent your child’s diabetes, you can help your child prevent complications due to Type 1 diabetes by helping him or her maintain good blood sugar control as much as possible. In addition, be sure to schedule regular sits with your child’s diabetes doctor and a yearly eye exam beginning no more than five years after the initial diabetes diagnosis.